Actinoform cloud in the East Pacific

November 16th, 2021 |

GOES-17 True Color RGB images [click to play animated GIF | MP4]

GOES-17 (GOES-West) True Color RGB images created using Geo2Grid (above) showed a cyclonically-rotating actinoform cloud feature that was moving west-southwestward across the East Pacific Ocean (about midway between Hawai’i and California) on 16 November 2021.

In GOES-17 Day Cloud Phase Distinction RGB images (below), the increasing shades of green exhibited by the curved bands of shallow convection suggested that those features were likely mixed-phase clouds — composed of a combination of liquid/supercooled water droplets and ice particles. 

GOES-17 Day Cloud Phase Distinction RGB images [click to play animated GIF | MP4]

Similarly, in a toggle between NOAA-20 VIIRS True Color and False Color RGB images viewed using RealEarth (below), darker shades of cyan suggested the presence of mixed-phase banded cloud elements within the core of the actinoform feature.

NOAA-20 VIIRS True Color and False Color images at 2218 UTC [click to enlarge]

Other examples of actinoform clouds can be examined by scrolling through this link.

Floods in the Pacific Northwest

November 16th, 2021 |
MIMIC Total Precipitable Water fields, 0000 UTC 10 November 2021 – 2300 UTC 15 November 2021 (Click to enlarge)

MIMIC Total Precipitable Water, shown above, shows a narrow ribbon of rich moisture stretching from north of Hawaii northeastward to the Pacific Northwest. Rainfall associated with this Atmospheric Rivr resulted in widespread flooding over Washington State (USA) and British Columbia (Canada). The system also generated very strong winds.

CMORPH estimates of rain, below, from Real Earth, show substantial 24-h rain amounts on 14-15 November, with peak values on 15 November of 75 mm in southern British Columbia. (This automated gauge along the Nooksack River at North Cedarville WA showed >4″ of rain (graph)) The 7-day accumulation ending at 2359 UTC on 15 November shows a few values in excess of 200 mm. CMORPH estimates suggest that heaviest rains were just north of the US-Canada border.

CMORPH estimates of 24-h rainfall, 13-16 November 2021 (Click to enlarge)

The excess rain’s impact on Nooksack Falls, north of Washington’s Mt Baker are shown below.

Nooksack Falls, 14 November 2021 (video credit: Olivia Ray)

Satellite estimates of flooding are available at this website. For example, the image below (from this direct RealEarth link) shows flood extent over northwestern Washington (note the US-Canada border in the image) on 16 November 2021.

VIIRS/ABI Flood Extent, 0000 UTC on 16 November 2021 (Click to enlarge)

News videos of the impact of the flooding on the Sumas Prairie near Abbottsford are here, here, here and here. Click here for video footage from near Sumas, WA. Other Washington imagery is here. This storm was well-forecast, as noted here.

Measured streamflow on the Nooksack River reached historic or near-historic volumes, as shown in these streamflow plots at North Cedarville (graph), Everson (graph) and Ferndale (graph) (all from this site).

NOAA-20 true-color imagery, below, from 31 October and 16 November, taken from the VIIRS Today website, show silt from this flood event.

NOAA-20 true-color imagery, 31 October and 16 November 2021 (Click to enlarge)

The difference between the 16 November and 17 November Joint ABI/VIIRS Flood Extent product is shown below. The extensive flooding on the Sumas Prairie near Abbotsford in Canada is apparent.

Joint VIIRS/ABI Flood Product, 16 and 17 November 2021 (Click to enlarge)