Severe thunderstorms in South Dakota

August 30th, 2020 |

GOES-16 “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) and “Clean” Infrared Window (10.35 µm) images (with and without an overlay of GLM Flash Extent Density) [click to play animation | MP4]

GOES-16 “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) and “Clean” Infrared Window (10.35 µm) images (with and without an overlay of GLM Flash Extent Density) [click to play animation | MP4]

1-minute Mesoscale Domain Sector GOES-16 (GOES-East) “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) and “Clean” Infrared Window (10.35 µm) images — with and without an overlay of GLM Flash Extent Density (above) showed the rapid development of thunderstorms along a cold front across eastern South Dakota on 30 August 2020. One particularly well-defined and long-lived Enhanced-V signature with an Above-Anvil Cirrus Plume (reference | VISIT training) was seen in the Visible and Infrared imagery, which extended northeastward from the core of a thunderstorm where large hail and tornadoes were occurring.

GOES-16 “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) images, with time-matched SPC Storm Reports plotted in red [click to play animation | MP4]

GOES-16 “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) images, with time-matched SPC Storm Reports plotted in red [click to play animation | MP4]

1-minute GOES-16 Visible images with time-matched plots of SPC Storm Reports are displayed above, with the corresponding Infrared images below.

GOES-16 “Clean” Infrared Window (10.35 µm) images, with time-matched SPC Storm Reports plotted in cyan [click to play animation | MP4]

GOES-16 “Clean” Infrared Window (10.35 µm) images, with time-matched SPC Storm Reports plotted in cyan [click to play animation | MP4]

There were some overshooting tops which exhibited infrared brightness temperatures as cold as -72ºC — a plot of 00 UTC rawinsonde data from Aberdeen, South Dakota (below) indicated that this was about 7ºC colder than the tropopause temperature of -66.1ºC.

Plot of 00 UTC rawinsonde data from Aberdeen, South Dakota [click to enlarge]

Plot of 00 UTC rawinsonde data from Aberdeen, South Dakota [click to enlarge]