Castle Fire pyrocumulonimbus cloud in California

August 23rd, 2020 |

GOES-17 “Red” Visible (0.64 µm), Shortwave Infrared (3.9 µm) and “Clean” Infrared Window (10.3 µm) images  [click to play animation | MP4]

GOES-17 “Red” Visible (0.64 µm), Shortwave Infrared (3.9 µm) and “Clean” Infrared Window (10.35 µm) images  [click to play animation | MP4]

1-minute Mesoscale Domain Sector GOES-17 (GOES-West) “Red” Visible (0.64 µm), Shortwave Infrared (3.9 µm) and “Clean” Infrared Window (10.35 µm) images (above) showed the formation of a pyrocumulonimbus (pyroCb) cloud that was spawned by the Castle Fire in California on 23 August 2020.

The coldest pyroCb cloud-top infrared brightness temperatures were around -50ºC –according to 00 UTC rawinsonde data from Las Vegas, Nevada (below) indicated that this temperature corresponded to altitudes around 12 km.

Plot of 00 UTC rawinsonde data from Las Vegas, NV [click to enlarge]

Plot of 00 UTC rawinsonde data from Las Vegas, NV [click to enlarge]

Marco becomes a hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico

August 23rd, 2020 |

GOES-16 “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) and “Clean” Infrared Window (10.35 µm) images (with and without an overlay of GLM Flash Extent Density) [click to play animation | MP4]

GOES-16 “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) and “Clean” Infrared Window (10.35 µm) images (with and without an overlay of GLM Flash Extent Density) [click to play animation | MP4]

1-minute Mesoscale Domain Sector GOES-16 (GOES-East) “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) and “Clean” Infrared Window (10.35 µm) images — with and without an overlay of GLM Flash Extent Density (above) showed Marco as it intensified from a Tropical Storm to a Category 1 hurricane at 1630 UTC on 23 August 2020. A pronounced semi-circular convective burst was seen to develop near the storm center shortly before 19 UTC.

A toggle between time-matched Infrared images from Suomi NPP and GOES-16 (below) indicated that the coldest cloud-top infrared brightness temperature on the Suomi NP VIIRS image was -86.8ºC, compared to -81.5ºC from the GOES-16 ABI instrument (the same color enhancement has been applied to both images). The northward parallax displacement associated with GOES-16 imagery over the southern Gulf of Mexico was also apparent.

Infrared images from Suomi NPP and GOES-16 [click to enlarge]

Infrared images from Suomi NPP (11.45 µm) and GOES-16 (10.35 µm) [click to enlarge]