Himawari-8 and NUCAPS observations of an upper-level feature in the western Pacific

July 13th, 2022 |
ABI Sandwich Product (Day TIme) and Band 13 (10.41 µm, night time) from 0000 UTC on 10 July 2022 through 2350 UTC on 12 July 2022 (Click to enlarge)

Himawari-8 Imagery, above (courtesy JMA, the Japan Meteorological Agency, from this site), shows a cyclonically rotating feature over the western Pacific, approaching the northern Marianas Islands by the end of the animation. Periodic weak convection is forming within the center of the circulation, with more widespread convection developing to its east. Gridded NUCAPS fields, below, from this site, show that the cyclonic feature is associated with relatively cool temperatures at 500 mb. At the beginning of the animation, the cool temperatures are near Wake Island; the cool temperatures progress steadily westward just south of 20o N latitude over the following days and are over the Marianas at the end of the animation.

Gridded NUCAPS estimates of 500-mb temperatures, 09-13 July 2022 (click to enlarge)

Examination of surface-based winds (from scatterometers, at this site) suggests that the mid-level circulation does not extend all the way to the surface.


Update, 14 July 2022

By 0333 UTC on 14 July 2022, the cool region at 500 mb was centered just west of 20oN, 150oE. (Its westward progress has slowed significantly) The cool region overlaps a ‘green’ Quality Control Region, meaning the retrieval there converged to a solution. Yellow regions likely correspond with clouds, and the infrared retrieval did not converge (but the microwave one did); red points depict a lack of convergence in the infrared and microwave retrievals. For more information on the retrieval, check out this training video on NUCAPS profiles.

Gridded NUCAPS field of 500-mb Temperature, and NUCAPS Quality Control Flag, 0333 UTC on 17 July 2022 (Click to enlarge)

Did the cold pool aloft have a surface signature? Scatterometry overlain on top of Himawari-8 Visible (0.64 µm) imagery, along with a streamline analysis from the NOAA/NWS/NCEP Global Forecasting System (GFS) model, shown below (courtesy Brandon Aydlett, WFO Guam), shows anticyclonic flow underneath the region of the upper-level cold pool. Upper-level (300-mb) streamline (shown here overlain on top of Himawari-8 Upper Level water vapor imagery (Band 8, 6.24 µm), also courtesy Brandon Aydlett) shows an upper-level cyclonic circulation associated with the cold pool.

Himawari-8 Visible Imagery (0.64 µm) at 0140 UTC, ASCAT observations (0130-0300 UTC), and GFS Surface Streamlines (3-h forecast valid 0300 UTC), all on 14 July 2022 (click to enlarge)