▴ ▾ AVHRR Polar Pathfinder (APP) and Extended AVHRR Polar Pathfinder (APP-x) Climate Data Records
This project generates and provides APP and APP-x climate data records (CDRs) to the National Center for Environmental Information in near-real time for Arctic and Antarctic applications.
Contact:Xuanji Wang (PI)
▴ ▾ Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI)
▴ ▾ Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS)
SSEC scientists have helped calibrate the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) onboard the Aqua satellite and currently validate its data, develop algorithms to make the data useful, and write software for processing the data from direct broadcast facilities.
▴ ▾ Atmospheric Motion Vector Research
SSEC is known for its pioneering work with atmospheric motion vectors (AMVs) to track wind patterns by analyzing numerous sets of satellite images. These include AMVs from geostationary (GEO) satellite observations over mid-latitudes and the tropics and AMVs from low earth-orbiting (LEO) satellites over polar regions.
▴ ▾ CIMSS GOES/GOES-R LAP Validation Tool
This tool validates operational GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) Legacy Atmospheric profile (LAP) retrieval products, focusing on parameters such as TPW, atmospheric stability indices, temperature/water vapor profiles.
Contact:Zhenglong Li (PI)
▴ ▾ Clouds from AVHRR Extended (CLAVR-x)
The Clouds from AVHRR extended (CLAVR-x) system processes cloud data for NOAA operations using the AVHRR instrument on the NOAA-POES and EUMETSAT-METOP series of polar orbiting satellites.
▴ ▾ Community Satellite Processing Package (CSPP) Geo
The Community Satellite Processing Package (CSPP) Geo is free open source software developed to support Direct Broadcast (DB) users with processing geostationary satellite data to generate geophysical products.
▴ ▾ Community Satellite Processing Package (CSPP) Leo
The Community Satellite Processing Package (CSPP) Leo is free open source software developed to support Direct Broadcast (DB) users with processing polar-orbiting satellite data for regional products and applications.
▴ ▾ Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS)
In preparation for JPSS-1 and for the current Suomi NPP, SSEC and CIMSS scientists are integrally involved in the pre-launch design and testing, as well as post-launch plans to assess the quality of the Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) data.
▴ ▾ Evaporative Stress Index (ESI)
The Evaporative Stress Index (ESI) uses satellite data to track changes in the amount of water vapor released by vegetation via transpiration. Monitoring the ESI could provide early warning of developing drought.
Contact:Jason Otkin (PI)
▴ ▾ Future Weather Satellite System Design and Science Studies
▴ ▾ GOES Satellite Verification System for the HRRR Model
SSEC scientists have developed an automated ranking method to quickly assess the accuracy of High Resolution Rapid Refresh (HRRR) model forecasts through comparison of observed and simulated Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) infrared brightness temperatures.
Contact:Jason Otkin (PI)
▴ ▾ GOES-R series activities at SSEC/CIMSS
From helping to formulate the Advanced Baseline Imager, to developing algorithms and advanced products, SSEC and CIMSS scientists are now using the more timely and detailed observations of GOES-R to enhance our research of Earth’s atmosphere and weather.
▴ ▾ Geostationary Extended Observations (GeoXO)
Scientists will collaborate with NOAA to prepare for the next generation satellite systems beyond GOES-R, including looking at new orbits, sensors, satellite options, as well as commercial partnerships.
▴ ▾ Geostationary Hyperspectral IR Sounder
The nation's current GOES-R series do not have a geostationary (GEO) hyperspectral IR sounder, while several international agencies have or are developing such a capability. The GEO hyperspectral IR sounders will greatly enhance the current forecast capability by providing critical high temporal resolution sounding information.
▴ ▾ Global IR Emissivity
This project derives algorithms for and global databases of infrared land surface emissivity using input from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), as well as a combined MODIS-ASTER database.
Contact:Eva Borbas (PI)
▴ ▾ Hazus-MH Based Project Support
Hazus-MH, created in partnership with the Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA), uses Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology to estimate physical, economic, and social impacts of disasters such as earthquakes, hurricane winds, and floods.
Contact:Shane Hubbard (PI)
▴ ▾ High resolution modeling (simulation and visualization of thunderstorms, tornadoes, downbursts)
Using ultra-high resolution simulations of supercell thunderstorms, as well as state-of-the-art visualization and analysis software, researchers are studying how these storms evolve and produce tornadoes and downbursts.
Contact:Leigh Orf (PI)
▴ ▾ Hyper-spectral Viewer for Development of Research Applications (HYDRA)
▴ ▾ Imager and Sounder Fusion
CIMSS scientists have been investigating imager data fusion with sounder data and products to construct spectral bands and sounding products at imager spatial (and temporal for GEO) resolution.
▴ ▾ Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI)
To validate the measurements and to study climate trends, SSEC researchers compare data from the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) on the European MetOp satellite with data from other sounders, such as the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) and the Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS).
▴ ▾ Infusing satellite Data into Environmental Applications - International (IDEA-I)
The Infusing satellite Data into Environmental Applications - International (IDEA-I) develops satellite-based aerosol forecasting, visualization, and data synthesis tools for use by the international air quality forecasting community.
Contact:Brad Pierce (PI)
▴ ▾ International Satellite Training
▴ ▾ Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS)
SSEC and CIMSS scientists are involved in calibration and validation work to ensure the instruments on board the Joint Polar Satellite System satellites return accurate measurements that will support future research.
▴ ▾ Leo/Geo Fusion Project
This project fuses low earth orbit and geostationary imager and sounder products to construct radiances and hyperspectral sounder products at improved spatial and temporal resolution for weather monitoring and forecasting operations.
▴ ▾ MODIS-VIIRS Continuity Cloud Products
The NASA MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and Suomi National Polar-Orbiting Partnership (SNPP) Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) cloud products represent an effort to establish a continuous, multi-decadal climate data record for clouds.
▴ ▾ MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)
▴ ▾ Man Computer Interactive Data Access System (McIDAS-V)
▴ ▾ Mesoscale Winds
We are estimating wind vectors by applying an optical flow technique to one-minute imagery from GOES-16.
Contact:Robert Rabin (PI)
▴ ▾ Monitoring VIIRS RSBs using CrIS based DCC
This project uses CrIS detected deep convective clouds (DCCs) to monitor the radiometric stabilities of the VIIRS reflective solar bands (RSBs) of SNPP and NOAA-20 as part of the VIIRS SDR calibration efforts.
▴ ▾ Morphed Integrated Microwave Imagery at CIMSS - Total Precipitable Water (MIMIC-TPW)
MIMIC-TPW is a technique that combines microwave observations from polar orbiting satellites to create near-seamless hourly imagery of global total precipitable water (TPW).
▴ ▾ NOAA Satellite Proving Ground Global Flood Website
Through a collaboration with scientists at George Mason University, researchers at SSEC and CIMSS routinely generate flood detection products from a suite of satellites including polar (SNPP & NOAA-20) and geostationary (GOES-East, GOES-West, and AHI-8) satellites in near realtime.
▴ ▾ Nearcasting
Utilizing infrared water vapor data from GOES, Nearcasting is used to predict severe weather outbursts one to six hours in advance. This technique fills the gap between radar nowcasts, which predict weather from the zero to one-hour range, and NWP forecasting models which predict weather more than eight hours in advance.
▴ ▾ Pathfinder Atmospheres - Extended (PATMOS-x)
The Pathfinder Atmospheres - Extended (PATMOS-x) project team derives atmospheric and surface climate records from NOAA's Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data over the last 25 years.
▴ ▾ Polar Radiant Energy in the Far Infrared Experiment (PREFIRE)
▴ ▾ Polar Winds
The MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) are being used to generate high-latitude wind fields by tracking cloud and water vapor features in infrared window and water vapor bands.
▴ ▾ Real-time Air Quality Modeling System RAQMS
The Real-time Air Quality Modeling System (RAQMS) is an online system for assimilating and forecasting global, ambient chemicals, and aerosols in the stratosphere and troposphere.
Contact:Brad Pierce, NOAA ASPB (PI)
▴ ▾ Reliable Automated Instrumentation Network (RAIN)
SSEC, in collaboration with other departments on campus, maintains a Reliable Automated Instrumentation Network (RAIN) for research purposes. On the AOSS building rooftop, instruments measure atmospheric parameters, while North, South, East, and West facing cameras record weather events. A buoy on Lake Mendota monitors lake quality and weather conditions.
▴ ▾ SSEC Portable Atmospheric Research Center (SPARC)
The SSEC Portable Atmospheric Research Center (SPARC) is a vehicle outfitted with a suite of instruments to make ground-based measurements used for studying the atmosphere during field campaigns across the country.
Contact:Tim Wagner (PI)
▴ ▾ Satellite Data Assimilation for Tropical storms (SDAT)
The Satellite Data Assimilation for Tropical storm is a near realtime experimental data assimilation system that uses conventional and satellite data to demonstrate the use of Joint Polar Satellite System sounder observations for improving tropical cyclone track and intensity forecasts.
Contact:Jun Li (PI)
▴ ▾ Satellite Hydrology and Meteorology (SHyMet)
▴ ▾ Scanning High-resolution Interferometer Sounder (S-HIS)
Designed and built at SSEC, the Scanning High-resolution Interferometer Sounder (S-HIS) measures temperature and water vapor profiles. Data gathered in field experiments is used to advance our understanding of the Earth's atmosphere, support calibration and validation of current satellite sensors, and help to develop future weather satellite sounders.
Contact:Joe Taylor (PI)
▴ ▾ Science Investigator-led Processing System (SIPS)
The Atmosphere Science Investigator-led Processing System (SIPS) processes VIIRS data from the Suomi NPP satellite to produce Level 2 cloud and aerosol products, including cloud height, cloud phase, cloud properties, and aerosol optical thickness.
▴ ▾ Sea Ice Leads
This project detects and characterizes sea ice leads (fractures in the ice sheet) using data from the polar orbiting Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instruments.
▴ ▾ Snow Cover/Ice Surface Temperature
▴ ▾ Snowfall Microphysics + Radar Observatory (lake effect snow)
The snowfall microphysics + radar observatory research program collects and catalogs sustained snowflake particle size distribution and habit type measurements to understand how microphysical details affect radar signatures.
▴ ▾ Time-Resolved Observations of Precipitation structure and storm Intensity with a Constellation of Smallsats (TROPICS)
The Time-Resolved Observations of Precipitation structure and storm Intensity with a Constellation of Smallsats (TROPICS) investigation will develop and launch a constellation of nanosatellites called CubeSats to study the development of tropical cyclones through rapid sampling of the atmosphere.
▴ ▾ Tropical Cyclone Artificial Intelligence (TC AI)
▴ ▾ Tropical Cyclone Research
The CIMSS Tropical Cyclone Research group develops satellite-derived products to improve the analysis and prediction of tropical storms, leading to more accurate tropical cyclone forecasts and more timely and effective warnings.
▴ ▾ Virtual Institute for Satellite Integration Training (VISIT)
The Virtual Institute for Satellite Integration Training (VISIT) program trains National Weather Service forecasters using distance education techniques to accelerate the transfer of satellite-based atmospheric research into operations. This includes VISITview, a teletraining and real-time collaboration tool developed at SSEC, along with courses developed and led by SSEC scientists.
Contact:Scott Lindstrom (PI)
▴ ▾ Volcanic Cloud Monitoring
NOAA and CIMSS scientists have developed tools to detect volcanic ash and dust clouds using data from geostationary and polar-orbiting satellites—information that is used to issue volcanic ash advisories to the aviation community.