Oil rig fire in the Gulf of Mexico

April 21st, 2010
GOES-13 3.9 µm shortwave IR + GOES-13 0.65 µm visible images

GOES-13 3.9 µm shortwave IR + GOES-13 0.65 µm visible images

A large explosion aboard the offshore oil rig Deepwater Horizon (located about 52 miles southeast of Venice, Louisiana) occurred around 03 UTC on 21 April 2010. McIDAS images of GOES-13 3.9 µm shortwave IR and GOES-13 0.65 µm visible channel data (above) showed a “hot spot” (darker black pixels) associated with the large fire during the nighttime hours following the explosion — then the smoke plume could be seen drifting southeastward on the visible imagery with the onset of daylight. The transport of sediment flowing out of the Mississippi River delta region could also be seen on the GOES-13 visible imagery. Note how the initial hot spot (darker black pixels) transitioned to colder values (lighter gray pixels) as pyro-cumulus clouds formed at the top of the rapidly-rising smoke plume.

A 250-meter resolution MODIS true color Red/Green/Blue (RGB) image from the SSEC MODIS Today site (below) showed the smoke plume around 16:07 UTC.

MODIS true color Red/Green/Blue (RGB) image

MODIS true color Red/Green/Blue (RGB) image

===== 25 April Update =====

A 3-image animation of MODIS true color RGB images (below) shows the smoke plume drifting southeastward from the burning oil rig site  on 21 April, followed by a small oil slick on 22 April (thin bright feature meandering eastward from the oil rig site), and finally a much larger oil slick on 25 April (which had grown in size and spread to the north and northeast).

MODIS true color images (21 April, 22 April, 25 April)

MODIS true color images (21 April, 22 April, and 25 April)

However, it is important to point out that the oil slick feature was easy to detect if it was located within the sun glint portion of the MODIS image swath (where the reflection of solar energy off the thin oil surface makes it appear as a bright feature) — on 25 April, this was the case with the 18:56 UTC overpass of the Aqua satellite. However, about 95 minutes earlier, the oil slick feature was not very apparent on the 17:21 UTC overpass of the Terra satellite, since the sun glint region was located in a different part of the image swath, such that there was no reflection of solar radiation off the oil slick region reaching the satellite at that time (below).

17:21 UTC Terra and 18:56 UTC Aqua MODIS true color mages on 25 April 2010

17:21 UTC Terra and 18:56 UTC Aqua MODIS true color mages on 25 April 2010

===== 26 April Update =====

AWIPS images of the MODIS and AVHRR Sea Surface Temperature (SST) products (below) indicated the the SST values within the oil slick feature were often as much as 5º to 10º F cooler (darker green color enhancement) than the surrounding waters in the northern Gulf of Mexico. The very warm SST values (upper 70s to low 80s F, darker red colors) associated with the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current can be seen in the lower right corner of some of the images.

MODIS and AVHRR Sea Surface Temperature (SST) products

MODIS and AVHRR Sea Surface Temperature (SST) products

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