Tropical Storm Epsilon in the Atlantic

October 19th, 2020 |

GOES-16 “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) and “Clean” Infrared Window (10.35 µm) images [click to play animation | MP4]

GOES-16 “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) and “Clean” Infrared Window (10.35 µm) images [click to play animation | MP4]

1-minute Mesoscale Domain Sector GOES-16 (GOES-East) “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) and “Clean” Infrared Window (10.35 µm) images (above) showed Tropical Depression 27 as further intensified to become Tropical Storm Epsilon at 15 UTC on 19 October 2020. While the low-level circulation (LLC) generally remained exposed during that time, deep convection was increasing around the LLC (including a small convective burst near the storm center forming around 1630 UTC).

GOES-16 Visible image with plots of available NUCAPS profiles [click to enlarge]

GOES-16 Visible image with plots of available NUCAPS profiles [click to enlarge]

A GOES-16 Visible image with plots of available NOAA-20 NUCAPS profiles (above) showed one valid infrared (CrIS) + microwave (ATMS) sounding (green dot) just southeast of the center of Epsilon at 1640 UTC — that sounding profile (below) revealed a moist (PW = 1.95″) and unstable (MU CAPE = 1066 J/kg, and LI = -3) atmosphere just after the time of development of the convective burst near Epsilon’s center.

NUCAPS profile just southeast of the center of Tropical Storm Epsilon [click to enlarge]

NUCAPS profile just southeast of the center of Tropical Storm Epsilon [click to enlarge]

GOES-16 Visible images with overlays of deep-layer wind shear and GLM Flashes from the CIMSS Tropical Cyclones site (below) indicated that Epsilon was in an environment of moderate shear, with limited lighting activity near the storm center.

GOES-16 “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) images, with overlays of deep-layer wind shear and GLM Flashes [click to enlarge]

GOES-16 “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) images, with overlays of deep-layer wind shear and GLM Flashes [click to enlarge]

A toggle between the MIMIC Total Precipitable Water and Saharan Air Layer products (below) showed that Epsilon was embedded within a pocket of abundant moisture, with dry air situated to the north and northwest.

MIMIC Total Precipitable Water and Saharan Air Layer product [click to enlarge]

MIMIC Total Precipitable Water and Saharan Air Layer product [click to enlarge]

Tropical Storm Epsilon was located over water having Sea Surface Temperature values around 28ºC and a modest Ocean Heat Content (below).

Sea Surface Temperature and Ocean Heat Content [click to enlarge]

Sea Surface Temperature and Ocean Heat Content [click to enlarge]