By Scott Bachmeier •Tropical Depression In-fa (27W) formed well south of the Marshall Islands in the West Pacific Ocean on 17 November 2015, and proceeded to track northwestward to a position south of Guam on 20 November (above). Following a brief decrease in intensity on 18 September, In-fa began another period of intensification during the 19-20 September period. Rapid-scan (2.5-minute interval) Himawari-8 Visible (0.64 µm) images (below; also available as a large 73 Mbyte animated gif) showed a series of eyewall convective bursts and the occasional appearance of a recognizable eye. (Note: the ABI instrument on the upcoming GOES-R satellite will also have a rapid-scan capability, but at 1-minute or even 30-second intervals) A longer animation spanning the entire 19-20 September period (below; also available as a large 120 Mbyte animated gif) revealed an improving trend in the overall satellite presentation of In-fa, with the eye becoming well defined by the end of the animation as the tropical cyclone reached Category 3 intensity. In fact, this became the the 15th Category 3 or stronger typhoon in the Northwest Pacific basin in 2015 – the most on record in any tropical cyclone season by the date of 20 November. A comparison of Suomi NPP VIIRS Infrared (11.45 µm) and Day/Night Band (0.7 µm) images at 1547 UTC (below; courtesy of William Straka, SSEC) showed the coldest cloud-top IR brightness temperatures in the southern hemisphere of the eyewall, along with the nighttime glow of lights from the island of Guam. A well-defined eye was evident in MTSAT-2 Infrared (10.8 µm) and DMSP SSMIS Microwave (85 GHz) images around 2230 UTC on 20 September (below). Mesovortices within the eye were seen in rapid-scan Himawari-8 Visible (0.64 µm) images beginning late in the day on 20 November as In-fa intensified to a Category 4 typhoon. (below; also available as a large 50 Mbyte animated GIF).