Severe thunderstorms in ArgentinaOn 25 January 2019 a GOES-16 (GOES-East) Mesoscale Domain Sector was positioned over Argentina in support of the RELAMPAGO-CACTI field experiment, providing imagery at 1-minute intervals. “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) images (above) showed thunderstorms that developed and moved northward over the Córdoba (SACO) area — surface observations there (plot | list) showed a sharp drop in temperatures along with wind gusts to 37 knots during the thunderstorm, which also produced hail and heavy rainfall. Two important features were revealed in the imagery: (1) an outflow boundary (from the decay of a large and long-lived Mesoscale Convective System to the southeast) which was moving slowly northward between between Rio Cuarto (SAOC) and Córdoba, likely helping to enhance boundary layer convergence and lift, and (2) a southward/southwestward flow of moist, unstable air — indicated by a plume of agitated cumulus clouds — approaching Córdoba. Toward the end of the day, the presence of an Above-Anvil Cirrus Plume also became evident in the Visible imagery.
The corresponding GOES-16 “Clean” Infrared Window (10.3 µm) images (below) showed that infrared brightness temperatures of the pulsing thunderstorm overshooting tops were frequently -90ºC or colder (yellow pixels embedded within darker purple). This indicates a significant overshoot of the tropopause, which had an air temperature of -72.1ºC at an altitude of 15.2 km on 12 UTC rawinsonde data. Also note the development of a pronounced cold/warm thermal couplet over the core region of the storm, as an enhanced-V storm top signature formed.A side-by-side comparison of GOES-16 Visible and Infrared images is displayed below. A toggle between NOAA-20 VIIRS True Color Red-Green-Blue (RGB) and Infrared Window (11.45 µm) images at 1734 UTC as viewed using RealEarth (below) showed the early stage of convective development south of Córdoba, as well as the large decaying MCS to the southeast. Cloud-top infrared brightness temperatures with the developing storms were already -80–C and colder (violet enhancement), about 10ºC colder than what was observed using lower-resolution GOES-16 imagery at that same time.
We observed some of the deepest storms I’ve ever seen on ground-based radar near Córdoba, Argentina today – comparable to some of the strongest ever observed with TRMM @NSF_GEO @RELAMPAGO2018 pic.twitter.com/d0Te1BEPSl
— Steve Nesbitt (@70_dbz) January 25, 2019
URGENTE | Fuerte tormenta en Córdoba Capital
— TormentasDelLitoral (@TDLtiempo) January 25, 2019