Tornado damage path: 6 months later

December 3rd, 2007 |

MODIS true-color RGB image [click to enlarge]

MODIS true-color RGB image [click to enlarge]

The MODIS true color image (above) centered over northeastern Wisconsin on 03 December 2007 is from the SSEC MODIS Today site. Note the narrow white swath running from southwest to northeast near the center of the image — this feature is the tornado damage path from an EF-3 tornado that went through that area on 07 June 2007, nearly 6 months earlier. Much of northeastern Wisconsin received about 5-9 inches of snow during the 2-3 days prior to this MODIS image, so the fresh snow cover was more evident within the relatively “treeless” tornado damage path (compared to the darker appearance of the heavily-forested surrounding area). The darkest, semi-square area seen on the image (along and south of the tornado damage path) is the more thickly-forested Menominee and Stockbridge Indian Reservation.

The narrow “cloud street” features oriented perpendicular to the tornado damage path were lake-effect cloud bands streaming inland from Lake Superior. In addition, due to recent cold temperatures (+7º F / -14º C at Green Bay WI, and -8º F / -22º C at Athelstane WI on 01 December), you can also see that ice was beginning to form around the edges of Green Bay — and most of the inland lakes across northeastern Wisconsin were also frozen and snow-covered on that day.

Lee cirrus clouds in Colorado

December 2nd, 2007 |

GOES-11 visible images (Animated GIF)

A patch of dense cirrus clouds developed to the lee (downwind) of the mountains of the Colorado “Front Range” on 02 December 2007 — this cloud feature marked the crest of a standing wave that had formed as stable air flowed from west to east across the Rocky Mountains. GOES-11 visible images (above) showed that these cirrus clouds quickly increased in areal coverage during the afternoon hours. A closer view using 250-m resolution MODIS true imagery from the SSEC MODIS Today site (below) revealed the shadow cast on the ground by the dense cloud patch that was located near Denver; deep snow cover in the higher elevations of the Rocky Mountains to the west of Denver was also clearly evident.

MODIS true color image

One isolated pilot report of moderate turbulence was noted by an aircraft in the area of the dense cirrus patch near Denver (KDNR), as seen on a AWIPS 4-panel of MODIS images (below); while the turbulence report was plotted on AWIPS at the default altitude of 26,000 feet (“260”), the actual pilot report indicated “FLUNKN” (Flight Level Unknown). As expected, the lee cloud features exhibited a bright appearance on the MODIS “cirrus detection channel” (lower left panel), with fairly cold pixels on the MODIS 11.0 µm IR channel image (-67º C, upper right panel) and the MODIS Cloud Top Temperature product (-63º C, lower right panel).

MODIS 4-panel image

The coldest MODIS 11.0 µm IR brightness temperature (below) of -67ºC corresponded to an altitude of about 53,000 feet above ground level according to the most recent Denver (KDNR) rawinsonde data.

MODIS IR image

In contrast, the coldest GOES-12 10.7 µm IR brightness temperature (below) from around that same time was -59º C, which corresponded to a lower altitude of about 38,200 feet above ground level.

GOES-12 IR image