A View of the Development of Geostationary Imagers through the lens of BAMS

May 14th, 2020 |

A collection of 60 BAMS covers spanning the years, to highlight the rapid advance of imaging from the geostationary orbit, is shown above (a version that loops more slowly can be seen here). The first cover is the first of BAMS, in January of 1920, while the second, from January of 1957 is the first time artificial ‘satellite’ was in a title of a BAMS article. The third image, from November of 1957, is a remarkable article on potential uses of satellites. This included both qualitative uses: (1) Clouds, (2) Cloud Movements, (3) Drift of Atmospheric Pollutants, (4) State of the Surface of the Sea (or of Large Lakes), (5) Visibility or Atmospheric Transparency to Light — and quantitative uses: (1) Albedo, (2) Temperature  of  a  Level  at  or  Near  the Tropopause, (3) Total Moisture Content., (4) Total  Ozone  Content, (5) Surface  (Ground-Air Interface) Temperature, and (6) Snow Cover. Early covers showcase rockets, balloons and high-altitude aircraft to prepare the way to human space travel (Gemini, Apollo, etc.), polar-orbiters (TIROS, NIMBUS, VHRR, NOAA, etc.) and finally geostationary orbit (ATS-1, ATS-3, SMS, GOES, Meteosat, INSAT, Himawari, etc.).

Reasons to look back at the BAMS covers:

Interactive web page, with links to the original “front matter”.

Montage of select BAMS covers

Montage of select BAMS covers

Note: All cover images are from the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.

42-year anniversary of the GOES program

October 16th, 2017 |

The first GOES-1 Visible (0.65 µm) image was transmitted at 1645 UTC on 125 October 1975 (below).

GOES-1 Visible image at 1645 UTC on 25 October 1975 [click to enlarge]

GOES-1 Visible (0.65 µm) image at 1645 UTC on 25 October 1975 [click to enlarge]

Sample GOES-1 Visible images are shown below (courtesy of Tim Schmit, NOAA/NESDIS/ASPB and the SSEC Data Center), after the satellite had been positioned over the Indian Ocean to support the Global Atmospheric Research Program.

GOES-1 Visible image, 0700 UTC on 10 April 1979 [click to enlarge]

GOES-1 Visible (0.65 µm) image, 0700 UTC on 10 April 1979 [click to enlarge]

GOES-1 Visible (0.65 µm) image, 0930 UTC on 01 January 1979 [click to enlarge]

GOES-1 Visible (0.65 µm) image, 0930 UTC on 01 January 1979 [click to enlarge]

40 Years of GOES Imagery

October 16th, 2015 |

GOES-1 Visible Imagery, 17 January 1983 [click to animate]

GOES-1 Visible Imagery, 17 January 1983 [click to animate]

On October 16, 1975, GOES-A was launched from Cape Canaveral in Florida (NESDIS Link). After achieving orbit, it was renamed GOES-1 and it broadcast its first image on October 25 of that year. The animation (mp4) above is from January 1983, when GOES-1 was operating as GOES-West. GOES-1 was in service for 10 years; it was decommissioned in March of 1985.