Day 32 of the Dixie Fire in California, as viewed from 5 satellites

August 13th, 2021 |

Shortwave Infrared (3.9 µm) images from GOES-17, GOES-15, GOES-14 and GOES-16 [click to play animation | MP4]

The Dixie Fire (which had grown to become the largest on record for the state of California) began burning on 13 July 2021 — and on 13 August 2021, Shortwave Infrared (3.9 µm) images from 1-minute GOES-17, 15 to 30-minute GOES-15, 15-to 30-minute GOES-14 and 5-minute GOES-16 (above) showed the thermal signature (darker red to black pixels) during the 1200 UTC – 1801 UTC period. The images were displayed in the native projection of each satellite.

Although there was smoke and some clouds across the area at the time of the Suomi NPP overpass, the VIIRS False Color RGB image provided a good view of most of the fire’s large burn scar (shades of red to brown). On this day, the fire had burned nearly 518,000 acres, and was 31% contained.

Suomi NPP VIIRS False Color RGB and True Color RGB images [click to enlarge]

GOES-14 is brought out of storage

August 11th, 2021 |

Shortwave Infrared (3.9 µm) images from GOES-17, GOES-15, GOES-14 and GOES-16 [click to play animation | MP4]

The GOES-14 satellite was brought out of storage on 11 August 2021, for its annual checkout activities (NOAA bulletin). Shortwave Infrared (3.9 µm) images (above) provided a 4-GOES view of the thermal anomalies (or hot pixels, darker black enhancement) exhibited by the Richard Spring Fire in southeastern Montana. On that day the fire had burned over 149,000 acres, and was only 15% contained. The 4 panels of images are displayed in the native projection of each satellite.

GOES-14 Imager spectral band images at 1755 UTC on 11 July 2021 (credit: Tim Schmit, NOAA/NESDIS/ASPB) [click to enlarge]

The GOES-14 Imager has the same 5 spectral bands (above) as GOES-15 (below).

GOES-15 Imager spectral band images at 1800 UTC on 11 July 2021 (credit: Tim Schmit, NOAA/NESDIS/ASPB) [click to enlarge]

A sequence of Infrared images from EWS-G1 (formerly GOES-13), GOES-17, GOES-15, GOES-14 and GOES-16 — between 1345 UTC and 1500 UTC on 13 August — is shown below. Full-resolution data from all 5 of the GOES were received by satellite antennas operated by SSEC Satellite Data Services.

Sequence of Infrared images from EWS-G1 (formerly GOES-13), GOES-17, GOES-15, GOES-14 and GOES-16 (credit: Tim Schmit, NOAA/NESDIS/ASPB) [click to enlarge | MP4]

East Pacific storm, as viewed by GOES-17 and GOES-15

February 18th, 2021 |

Water Vapor images from GOES-17 (6.9 µm, left) and GOES-15 (6.5 µm, right) [click to play animation | MP4]

Water Vapor images from GOES-17 (6.9 µm, left) and GOES-15 (6.5 µm, right) [click to play animation | MP4]

The rapid intensification of a Storm Force low over the East Pacific Ocean during the 17-18 February 2021 period (surface analyses) could be seen on Water Vapor images from GOES-17 (6.9 µm) and GOES-15 (6.5 µm) (above). This was from the final full day of GOES-15 imaging operations (while the satellite was briefly taken out of on-orbit storage to perform its annual checkout activities). As was mentioned in this blog post, GOES-17’s improvements in spatial resolution and imaging frequency allowed for better monitoring of this feature as it approached the Alaska Panhandle. The images are displayed in the native projection of each of the 2 satellites.

GOES-15 temporarily brought out of storage

February 10th, 2021 |

Water Vapor images from GOES-17 (6.9 µm, left) and GOES-15 (6.5 µm, right) [click to play animation | MP4]

Water Vapor images from GOES-17 (6.9 µm, left) and GOES-15 (6.5 µm, right) [click to play animation | MP4]

Beginning on 06 February 2021, the GOES-15 satellite was brought out of storage for a 14-day period of imaging (as part of its annual checkout activities). On 10 February, a comparison of Water Vapor images from GOES-17 (6.9 µm) and GOES-15 (6.5 µm) showed mountain waves over southeastern Wyoming and central Colorado (above). This comparison helped to highlight some of the improvements in the GOES-R Series, such as

  •  improved spatial resolution with ABI Water Vapor (and other infrared) spectral bands — 2 km at sub-satellite point for GOES-17, vs 4 km at sub-satellite point for GOES-15
  •  improved temporal resolution — 5-minute image interval for GOES-17, vs 15-minute image interval for GOES-15 (except for 30-minute gaps every 3 hours, during Full Disk scans)
  • more stable image navigation

Multi-panel animations of GOES-15 images from the Imager and Sounder instruments are shown below (credit: Tim Schmit, NOAA/ASPB). In addition, there are animations of GOES-15 Visible and Infrared Window images.

GOES-15 Imager spectral bands [click to play animation | MP4]

GOES-15 Imager spectral bands [click to play animation | MP4]

GOES-15 Sounder spectral bands [click to play animation | MP4]

GOES-15 Sounder spectral bands [click to play animation | MP4]

GOES-15 data were downloaded, processed and archived by SSEC Satellite Data Services. Real-time GOES-15 imagery is temporarily available here: Imager | Sounder.