Shown below is a comparison of GOES-15 (GOES-West), GOES-14 and GOES-13 (GOES-East) Visible images covering the longer 1-hour period of 1230-1330 UTC, focusing on a area of thunderstorms over North Texas. During this time, there are 53 images from GOES-14, compared to 7 images from GOES-15 and 5 images from GOES-13 — note how the evolution of overshooting tops is very easy to follow using the 1-minute GOES-14 imagery.GOES-14 also monitored the dissipation of fog/low stratus clouds over Nebraska, as seen in the animation below. Additional details can be found here. Later in the day, the GOES-14 Visible (0.62 µm) animation below (also available as a large 62 Mbyte animated GIF) showed the development of severe thunderstorms in Montana and Wyoming, which produced several reports of damaging winds and large hail (up to 4.0 inches in diameter). This example is particularly noteworthy due to the fact that the storm was well-sampled by satellite imagery in a region of poor radar coverage (h/t to @DanLindsey77). For additional details on this case, see the VISIT Meteorological Interpretation Blog. A 3-panel comparison of Visible images from GOES-15 and GOES-13 (available at the routine 15-30 minute interval) and GOES-14 (available at 1-minute intervals) is shown below. During the early afternoon hours, the GOES-15 (GOES-West) satellite performed a “North/South Station Keeping maneuver”, during which there was no imaging between 1700-1900 UTC. To help cover for this outage, the GOES-13 (GOES-East) satellite was paced into Full Disk scan mode, which provided only 1 image every 30 minutes. During this time period, the 1-minute imagery from GOES-14 (shown below) was essential to monitor such features as a wildfire burning southeast of Ely, Nevada (station identifier KELY). Two apparent flare-ups of the fire were seen in the areal coverage of the hottest pixels (red) on GOES-14 Shortwave Infrared (3.9 µm) images at 1805 UTC and 1807 UTC, which were not captured by the 30-minute GOES-13 imagery. In fact, the 1745 UTC GOES-13 Shortwave Infrared image suggested that there was a brief reduction in the intensity of the fire (indicated by a lack of red pixels), which was not the case according to the 1-minute GOES-14 imagery.
Hurricane Earl made landfall around 0600 UTC on 4 August in Belize. The hourly animation from GOES-14, above, shows a rapid warming of the coldest cloud tops over Earl after landfall, as commonly happens. GOES-14 is out of storage to support SRSO-R Operations beginning Tuesday August 9.
The GOES-14 image at landfall shows coldest cloud tops on the north side of the storm. A timely Metop-A overpass (times available at this site) from several hours before landfall provided ASCAT winds, below, that also show strongest winds to the north side of this storm.Although the strong winds of Earl have diminished now that the storm is over land, Total Precipitable Water values, below, (showing MIRS data, available at this site) remain high and flooding continues to be a threat. Earl is forecast to move along the southern tip of the Bay Campeche starting tomorrow. For more details see the National Hurricane Center website. Three geostationary satellites viewed Earl as it moved across the southern Yucatan peninsula. GOES-15, GOES-14 and GOES-13 visible imagery from near 1200 UTC is shown below. Two Geostationary Satellites viewing a system approximately equidistant from both satellites allowed for stereoscopic imagery to be created, below.
GOES-14 has again been reactivated, and is distributing data from its location over the Equator at 105 W. GOES-14 will be entering SRSO-R mode next week, starting on 9 August (link) and continuing through 26 August.
Short animations of GOES-14 Visible (0.63 um) and Infrared Window (10.7 um) imagery are shown below.A 3-panel comparison, below, shows Idaho/Montana wildfire smoke plumes as viewed from GOES-15 (GOES-West), GOES-14 and GOES-13 (GOES-East). The images are displayed in the native projection of each satellite.
GOES-15 (GOES-West) Visible (0.63 µm) images (below) revealed a sharp contrast in cloudiness east of Hawai’i on 29 June, with far fewer and much smaller marine boundary layer cloud elements seen in the dry air east of the leading edge of the trade wind surge.On the following day (30 June), GOES-15 Visible (0.63 µm) images (below) showed a vast expanse of small closed-cell convective clouds in the marine boundary layer — a signature of a stable air mass; in this case, due to strong low-level subsidence — extending to distances as far as 1000 miles east and northeast of Hawai’i. The progression of the leading edge of the dry trade wind surge could also be followed on daily composites of Suomi NPP VIIRS true-color Red/Green/Blue (RGB) images from 26-30 June, as viewed using RealEarth (below). Skew-T diagrams of rawinsonde data from the 2 upper air sites in Hawai’i (Hilo PHTO, and Lihue PHLI) are shown below. At Hilo on the Big Island of Hawai’i, the height of the trade wind temperature inversion descended from the typical height of 5500-6000 feet (near the 850 hPa pressure level) on 30 June to an unusually-low height of around 2500 feet (near the 930 hPa pressure level) at 12 UTC on 01 July. Farther to the west at Lihue on the island of Kaua’i, the dry trade wind surge was just beginning to arrive around the time of the 12 UTC sounding on 01 July — a sharpening of and a slight lowering of the trade wind inversion could be seen in comparison to the earlier 00 UTC sounding. As the strong trade wind flow interacted with the terrain of the islands, areas of high wind gusts were observed — for example, 36 knots (41 mph) at Bradshaw Army Air Field on the Big Island of Hawai’i. In addition, the dew point temperature at that site was as low as 21º F within an hour after that peak wind gust on the afternoon of 01 July.