GOES-14 SRSOR: Mesovortices in the eye of Hurricane Marie

August 25th, 2014
GOES-14 0.63 µm visible channel images (click to play YouTube video)

GOES-14 0.63 µm visible channel images (click to play YouTube video)

The GOES-14 satellite was in Super Rapid Scan Operations for GOES-R (SRSOR) mode, providing 1-minute interval images of Category 4 intensity Hurricane Marie over the East Pacific Ocean on 25 August 2014. Even though the eye was cloudy, the 1-minute imagery revealed a number of mesovortices circulating within the eye of Hurricane Marie (above; click image to play YouTube video). Note: the YouTube video is best viewed in Full Screen mode, and clicking on the “Gear” icon to select “1080p HD”.

On the previous day, the eye was less cloudy and mesovortices were more easily seen on GOES-15 0.63 µm visible channel images (below; click to play Animated GIF); however, the GOES-15 images were only available at the routine 15-minute interval, which made tracking the evolution and motion of the mesovortices more difficult. On this day (24 August) Hurricane Marie had rapidly intensified to a Category 5 storm (plot of CIMSS ADT).

GOES-15 0.63 µm visible channel images (click to play Animated GIF)

GOES-15 0.63 µm visible channel images (click to play Animated GIF)

GOES-14 SRSOR: Thunderstorms over Florida

August 21st, 2014
GOES-14 0.63 µm visible channel images (click to play YouTube movie)

GOES-14 0.63 µm visible channel images (click to play YouTube movie)

The GOES-14 satellite was in Super Rapid Scan Operations for GOES-R (SRSOR) mode, providing images at 1-minute intervals over the southeastern US on 21 August 2014. An animation of 0.63 µm visible channel images (above; click to play YouTube movie) showed the development of numerous large thunderstorms, many of which were focused along surface boundaries such as the sea breeze and  convective outflow boundaries from adjacent storms. The YouTube video is best viewed in Full Screen mode, using the “Gear” icon to select 1080p HD resolution.

GOES-14 SRSOR: Dissipation of river valley fog

August 20th, 2014
GOES-14 0.63 µm visible channel images, at 15 vs 5 vs 1-minute intervals (click to play Animated GIF)

GOES-14 0.63 µm visible channel images, at 15 vs 5 vs 1-minute intervals (click to play Animated GIF)

The GOES-14 satellite was in Super Rapid Scan Operations for GOES-R (SRSOR) mode, providing images at 1-minute intervals over the central US on 20 August 2014; an animation of 0.63 µm visible channel images (Animated GIF | MP4 movie | YouTube) showed the dissipation of river valley fog that had formed during the previous night over the Mississippi River and adjacent portions of southwestern Wisconsin, southeastern Minnesota, and northeastern Iowa. The 3 panels show images every 15 minutes (today’s current routine schedule), every 5 minutes (available during Rapid Scan Operations), and every 1 minute (which will be available from the ABI instrument on the next-generation GOES-R satellite).

Along the Wisconsin River valley, fog restricted the surface visibility to 0.15 mile at Prairie Du Chien KPDC and Boscobel KOVS, and 0.25 mile at Lone Rock KLNR (images with map and station location overlays).

GOES-14 SRSOR: Tropical Storm Lowell in the East Pacific Ocean

August 19th, 2014
GOES-14 0.63 µm visible channel images (click to play Animated GIF)

GOES-14 0.63 µm visible channel images (click to play Animated GIF)

The GOES-14 satellite was in Super Rapid Scan Operations for GOES-R (SRSOR) mode, providing coverage of Tropical Storm Lowell in the East Pacific Ocean on 19 August 2014; an animation of 0.63 µm visible channel images (Animated GIF | MP4 movie file | YouTube) showed a gradual increase in the organization of a convective banding structure during the day. At 12 UTC Tropical Storm Lowell was located several hundred miles southwest of Baja California, with a center at 15.5º North latitude, 119.5º West longitude.

GOES-15 10.7 µm IR channel images with an overlay of Metop ASCAT surface scatterometer winds from the CIMSS Tropical Cyclones site (below) showed the the strongest winds (40.0-49.9 knots, yellow barbs) were in the southeastern quadrant of Lowell at 17:11 UTC.

GOES-15 10.7 µm IR images with Metop ASCAT surface scatterometer winds

GOES-15 10.7 µm IR images with Metop ASCAT surface scatterometer winds

A comparison of the 16 UTC GOES-15 10.7 µm IR channel image with the corresponding DMSP SSMIS 85 GHz microwave image (below) indicated that the highest rainfall rates were associated with the convective banding  (and coldest cloud tops) within the southern semicircle of the storm.

GOES-15 10.7 µm IR image and DMSP SSMIS 85 GHz microwave image

GOES-15 10.7 µm IR image and DMSP SSMIS 85 GHz microwave image