Testing of GOES-16 and GOES-17 Mode 6 scan strategy

February 19th, 2019 |

GOES-16

GOES-16 “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) images [click to play animation]

Both GOES-16 (GOES-East) and GOES-17 (GOES-West) were placed into the Mode 6 scan strategy for a 3-day period of testing beginning at 1500 UTC on 19  February 2019 — which provides Full Disk images every 10 minutes (instead of every 15 minutes for the more common Mode 3 scan strategy). Further details on GOES-R series scan modes are available here and here. GOES-16 Full Disk “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) images are shown above, with Mid-level Water Vapor (6.9 µm) images below.

GOES-16 Mid-level Water Vapor (6.9 µm) images [click to play animation]

GOES-16 Mid-level Water Vapor (6.9 µm) images [click to play animation]

One of the more striking features over the North Atlantic Ocean was a rapidly-intensifying Hurricane Force low — an animation that cycles through GOES-16 Visible and Water Vapor images of this system is displayed below.

GOES-16 "Red" Visible (0.64 µm) and Mid-level Water Vapor (6.9 µm) images [click to play animation]

GOES-16 “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) and Mid-level Water Vapor (6.9 µm) images [click to play animation]

GOES-16 Air Mass RGB images from the AOS site (below) exhibited the orange-to-red hues of ozone-rich air within the atmospheric column due to a lowered tropopause associated with the rapidly deepening North Atlantic storm.

GOES-16 Air Mass RGB images [click to play animation | MP4]

GOES-16 Air Mass RGB images [click to play animation | MP4]

Looking to the west with GOES-17, Full Disk animations of Visible and Water Vapor images are shown below.

GOES-17 "Red" Visible (0.64 µm) images [click to play animation]

GOES-17 “Red” Visible (0.64 µm) images [click to play animation]

GOES-17 Mid-level Water Vapor (6.9 µm) images [click to play animation]

GOES-17 Mid-level Water Vapor (6.9 µm) images [click to play animation]

The more frequent 10-minute images allowed a short-lived signature of orographic waves within a transient dry slot immediately downwind (northeast) of Atka (PAAK) in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska  (below) — such a signature often indicates a high potential of turbulence. There were also areas of transverse banding seen with the jet stream cirrus just southeast of Atka (another satellite signature of turbulence).

GOES-17 Low-level (7.3 µm) and Mid-level (6.9 µm) Water Vapor images [click to play animation]

GOES-17 Low-level (7.3 µm, left) and Mid-level (6.9 µm, right) Water Vapor images [click to play animation]

Similar to what was seen over the North Atlantic, GOES-17 Air Mass RGB images (below) exhibited the orange-to-red hues of ozone-rich air within the atmospheric column due to a lowered tropopause poleward of the jet stream axis as it moved northeastward across the Aleutians.

GOES-17 Air Mass RGB images [click to play animation | MP4]

GOES-17 Air Mass RGB images [click to play animation | MP4]

Tropical Disturbances in both Hemispheres

February 19th, 2019 |

Morphed Total Precipitable Water for the 24 hours ending 0100 UTC on 19 February 2019 (Click to enlarge)

Morphed Total Precipitable Water imagery (from this site) for the 24 hours ending at 0100 UTC on 19 February 2019, above, shows two Tropical disturbances spinning on either side of the Equator. Cyclone Oma in the Southern Hemisphere was northwest of New Caledonia in the Coral Sea. A second disturbance over the north Pacific, albeit very close to the Equator, was near Pohnpei and will pass near Chuuk later this week. Interests in Micronesia should pay attention to this area of disturbed weather.

Himawari-8 Clean Window imagery (10.41 µm) (courtesy JMA), below, shows the better organization of Oma in contrast to the more disorganized nature of the tropical wave over Pohnpei.

Himawari-8 AHI Clean Window (10.41 µm) Infrared Imagery, 1400 UTC 18 February – 0230 UTC 19 February 2019 (Click to play animated gif)

Refer to the CIMSS Tropical Webpage (Link) for more information on Oma. The National Weather Service on Guam is issuing statements on the tropical system in Micronesia. (From 0245 UTC on 19 February 2019, for example) (Update: This is now Tropical Depression 02W; a projected path as of 1200 UTC on 19 February is here. The current forecast has this storm achieving typhoon status late Wednesday).