An animation of GOES-15 (GOES-West) Infrared (10.7 µm) images (below; click image to play animation) showed the evolution of these 3 tropical cyclones during the 29-30 August period.The MIMIC Total Precipitable Water product (below; click image to play animation) indicated that all 3 storms were easily able to tap abundant moisture from the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). A longer animation of the MIMIC TPW product covering the period 21 August to 01 September is shown below.
The corresponding GOES-13 infrared (10.7 µm) images (below; click image to play animation) showed that cloud-top IR brightness temperatures were as cold a -53º C (orange color enhancement) at 1915 UTC.The volcanic cloud features were also easily tracked on GOES-13 water vapor (6.5 µm) images (below; click image to play animation). In fact, note how the signature in the water vapor imagery is more distinctly seen for a longer period of time than on the 10.7 µm infrared imagery. The tan-colored volcanic ash cloud was also evident on Aqua MODIS and Suomi NPP VIIRS true-color Red/Green/Blue (RGB) imagery (below), as viewed using the SSEC RealEarth web map server. A comparison of Suomi NPP VIIRS visible (0.64 µm) and infrared (11.45 µm) images is shown below (courtesy of William Straka, SSEC). The coldest cloud-top IR brightness temperature was -72.7º C.
The explosion exhibted a signal in other Himawari-8 AHI bands as well. Band 5, at 1.6 µm and Band 6, at 2.3 µm are shown below (animations courtesy of William Straka, CIMSS); Similar animations are available for 3.9 µm, 6.2 µm (very faintly visible in this upper tropospheric water vapor channel), 7.0 µm, 7.3 µm and 8.6 µm and 10.35 µm.A view of Himawari-8 shortwave IR imagery using the SSEC RealEarth web map server is shown below. In addition, an animation of Himawari-8 true-color images showing the dark smoke plume can be seen here.
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The discrimination of ice vs supercooled water droplet clouds can be made by comparing Terra MODIS true-color and false-color Red/Green/Blue (RGB) images at 1611 UTC (below). On the false-color image, ice (and glaciated clouds with a high concentration of ice crystals at cloud top) appeared as darker shades of red, in contrast to supercooled water droplet clouds which appeared as varying shades of white to cyan.A Suomi NPP VIIRS true-color image as visualized using the SSEC RealEarth web map server (below) showed the ice at 1800 UTC; even greater detail can be seen in this zoomed-in version of the image.
Maps from from the Canadian Ice Service (below) indicated that the concentration of this thick first-year ice (dark green) was still as high as 9/10ths to 10/10ths (red) on 07 August; on 03 August, the ice concentration departure from normal was as high as +9/10ths to +10/10ths (dark blue) in some locations.