Super Cyclone Phailin (02B)

October 12th, 2013 |
Track of Cyclone Phailin

Track of Cyclone Phailin

As seen on the Cyclone Phailin (02B) track map from the CIMSS Tropical Cyclones site (above), the storm formed near the northern Adaman Islands on 09 October 2013. As Phailin tracked northwestward across the Bay of Bengal, it underwent a period of rapid intensification on 10 October, as indicated by the Automated Dvorak Technique (ADT) intensity estimate plot (below). Phailin reached Category 5 intensity near the middle of the day on 10 October.

Automated Dvorak Technique (ADT) intensity estimate plot

Automated Dvorak Technique (ADT) intensity estimate plot

McIDAS images of EUMETSAT Meteosat-7 11.5 µm IR channel data (below; click image to play animation) showed the expansive area of very cold cloud tops exhibited by Phailin, with IR brightness temperatures in the -80 to -90º C range (violet to darker purple color enhnahcement).

EUMETSAT Meteosat-7 11.5 µm IR channel images (click to play animation)

EUMETSAT Meteosat-7 11.5 µm IR channel images (click to play animation)

A McIDAS-V image of 375-meter resolution Suomi NPP VIIRS 11.45 µm IR channel data (below; courtesy of William Straka, CIMSS) offered a more detailed look at the structure of the eye and eyewall region of Phailin at 11:43 UTC on 11 October.

Suomi NPP VIIRS 11.45 µm IR channel image

Suomi NPP VIIRS 11.45 µm IR channel image

DMSP SSMI/S 85 GHz microwave data (below) suggested that Phailin was undergoing an eyewall replacement cycle prior to landfall, which likely accounts for its drop in intensity to a Category 4 storm (Phailin warning text issued at 15 UTC on 12 October).

DMSP SSMI/S 85 GHz brightness temperature

DMSP SSMI/S 85 GHz brightness temperature

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